In the two large, archaeologically based research programmes at Kiel University (ROOTS, CRC 1266), inequality forms an important focus for studying connectivity and transformation. A direct possibility to conduct these studies are the analyses of human skeletal remains in connection with the archaeological material. The biological sex, an approximate age, and physiologically visible disabilities can be determined on an individual level. The biological sex, which refers to the different biological and physiological characteristics of a person, differs from gender that is socially constructed and includes norms, behaviours and roles associated with being female, male, or non-binary, as well as relationships among these. Yet, sex and gender interact during life courses and during archaeological periods, as it was discussed for instance in the international CRC 1266 workshop “Gender transformations” in 2018, published in 2019. It is consensus that gender and sex are categories of discrimination in the long tradition of (patriarchal) societies. Beyond this interaction it is important to understand the links to other categories of discriminations. How do gender, age, ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, class and other forms of discrimination “intersect” to create unique dynamics and effects?

In this session we want to focus on the role of gender in prehistoric and classic archaeology but also allow for the step beyond this into an intersectional discourse on the archaeological issues as well on the framing of archaeological research.

  • Where are the limits of our research in gender and intersectionality in prehistory/classic periods – methodologically as well as institutionally?
  • Which modern intersectional or specifically gender biases shape our research agendas and scientific approaches?
  • What is necessary to embed gender-sensitive research in the archaeological agenda?
  • At which scale does gender effect transformation?
  • Is gender a root of inequality?
  • In which chronological, spatial, and social contexts is gender a relevant social category that is noticeable in the archaeological material?

Keywords: limits of research in gender and intersectionality, modern gender biases and research agendas, embed gender sensitive research into archaeological agenda, genders effect on transformation, gender root of inequality, gender in archaeological contexts

The presentations are scheduled for 15 minutes plus 5 minutes of discussion. Poster presentation are also possible. Abstracts are limited to 2,500 characters (incl. spaces) and may include up to 5 references.

Abstracts can only be submitted via the conference website from 15.08.2022 to 15.10.2022. The review-period is until 15.11.2022. Registration for the conference will be possible from November onwards.

If you are interested in our session but need further information, do not hesitate to write the corresponding chair:

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Kiel Conference 13.-18.03.2023

Scales of Social, Environmental & Cultural Change in Past Societies

Session No. 2: Beyond Gender transformations? Archaeological context and intersectionality

Conveners: Julia K. Koch1, Sonja Grimm5,6, Dana Zentgraf3,4, Franziska Engelbogen2,5, Wiebke Kirleis2,4,5

1 hessenARCHÄOLOGIE; 2 Institute for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeolgy, Kiel; 3 Department of Philosophy, Kiel; 4 ROOTS, Kiel; 5 CRC 1266, Kiel; 6 ZBSA, Schleswig